Interesting Facts You Should Know about Outer Knee Pain

Lateral or outer knee pain may occur gradually over a period of time and develop immediately after an injury. There are several causes for the pain in this part of the knee, which may vary by activity level and age. Upon determining the source of knee pain, it may be possible to minimize or completely eliminate the painful condition.

lateral knee pain

Overview of the Condition

Lateral knee pain may start without any injuries. The common cause of outer knee pain is arthritis or the wearing down of the cartilage on your bone’s surface. Pieces of the bone and cartilage may break off eventually and end up being loose in the joint. According to the Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons in the United States, the most typical form of arthritis in adults is osteoarthritis. Moreover, psoriatic arthritis and rheumatoid are two of the numerous types of inflammatory arthritic ailments that can affect the knee.


Causes of Lateral Knee Pain

Iliotibial Band Syndrome may cause pain on the outer side of the knee. This condition occurs with continuous rubbing of the iliotibial band or a fibrous connective tissue that is found along the outer portion of the thigh, which is also the prominent bony part on the outer portion of your knee. During some physical activities such as running, repetitive knee extension and flexion tends to inflame or irritate the outer knee. Among the common symptoms of lateral knee pain linked with the iliotibial band syndrome include tender joints in your gluteal muscles, pain each time you extend or flex your knee, and pain on the outside part of the knee.

Another common cause of knee pain is the lateral collateral ligament sprain. This form of injury involves a partial or total rupture of the main ligament that keeps the outer knee stable. The lateral collateral ligament also runs from the top portion of the fibula (smaller bone in the lower leg or shin) to the bottom of your thigh bone. Signs of this type of sprain include knee swelling or tenderness and knee instability.


Risk Factors and Treatment Options

Some people are at a higher risk of developing this type of knee pain such as those who suffer from a pre-existing tight and weak iliotibial band, or individuals with a leg length discrepancy. Interval training and running high mileage regularly can also be prone to pains on the outer portion of their knees, as well as those who have weak and unstable hip abductor muscles.

As for the best treatment option for knee pain, rest and ice packs can help provide relief to patients. In some cases, stretching the iliotibial band and straightening the hip abductors can serve as effective ways to treat the pain completely.

outer knee pain

Ways to Prevent Outer Knee Pain

An excellent way to help prevent lateral knee pain is by correcting any faulty biomechanics through therapy and exercise. You should also try to strengthen and stretch your muscles around the knees and hips area, and consider wearing proper footwear each time you engage in sports or other physical activities.

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