Knee Pain Below Knee Cap: Causes, Symptoms And Treatment

Before understanding knee cap pain, it is important to know what exactly it is. The knee cap is also known as the patella. It is a triangular bone that guards joints in front of the knee joints. It is attached by the ligaments to the muscles that surround the knee, and increases movement in the leg by acting as a support for the muscles.

Knee Pain Below Knee Cap

Pain below the knee is a common conditions associated with the patella or the knee cap, and is generally classified as Patellofemoral pain. According to experts, the main contributing factors to this condition include muscle imbalance, inadequate stretching, running and overuse of muscles. Typically, all Patellofemoral pain include those pains associated with climbing and descending a stair-case, and pain associated with prolonged sitting. This pain can be difficult to manage, therefore, should not be ignored.

The knee joint consists of three compartments; lateral, medial and Patellofemoral. The ligaments within the knee and the inner and outside are responsible for stabilizing the joint. Some of the surgical repairs of ligament injury can involve grafting, graft repair and suturing. Sometimes, you may require total knee replacement.

 

Causes of knee pain below knee cap

There are several causes of knee cap pain. Some of the most common causes include;

  • Runner’s Knee: this pain results from changes and cartilage wear that lead to blistering of the cartilage surface, causing anterior knee pain that spreads to the knee cap.
  • Tendinitis: this results from inflammation, swelling and irritation of the knee tendon that is the structure that joins the bone and knee muscle.
  • Knee cap dislocation: knee cap dislocation results from injuries to the knee, resulting to deformities and knee pain below knee cap.
  • Patella fracture: this is simply a broken knee cap. It results from serious knee injuries due to running, overuse of the muscles and straining the knee cap.
  • Arthritis: probably one of the most common causes of knee pain below knee cap. It is a painful inflammation of the knee joint.

 

Symptoms of pain below knee cap

Knee pain below knee cap can easily be determined through the following notable signs and symptoms. They include;

  1. Pain around, below, on the sides and in front or even deep within the knee cap
  2. Pain on the knee cap while walking, more so while kneeling, sitting and running
  3. Difficulty in bending the knee or walking while using the affected knee
  4. Swelling, inflammation, stiffness or bruising of the knee especially below the knee cap
  5. Limited or painful movement

Treatment of knee pain

 

Treatment of knee pain below knee cap

Knee pain below knee cap can be treated through the following possible options:

Resting– rest the knee with the painful cap for about three days, that means you cannot run or engage in your daily physical activities that may cause more pain.

Icingapply ice to the knee in order to reduce inflammation and provide relief to the tissues that have been damaged.

Elevate– elevate the injured leg to reduce the inflammation and swelling

Compress– compressing the injured knee cap with some brace, rag or even an elastic bandage can help in relieving pain and reducing the swelling.

Medications– there are some over the counter medications that can help relieve pain and reduce swelling and inflammation.

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