An Overview Of Water On The Knee: Causes, Risk Factors, Signs And Symptoms

Commonly referred to as swelling of the knee or knee effusion, water on the knee is a bothersome condition that occurs when fluid starts to accumulate around either one or both knees. Not only is the knee effusion very bothersome for those affected, but it can actually interfere with your day to day activities, this is why it is important to have it diagnosed and treated as quickly as possible. Here is a deeper insight into water on the knee, its causes, symptoms, risk factors and treatment options: water on the knee

A Closer Look At The Signs And Symptoms Of Water On The Knee

Your doctor is the only one who can put an accurate diagnosis, but some of the most common symptoms include pain, stiffness as well as swelling. If you resent intense pain around the knee area and you cannot step on it properly, or if your knee has become very stiff due to the excess fluid and you have reached the point where you can no longer bear any weight on it, then the chances are that you suffer from knee effusion. On the other hand, if your knees start to puff (either one or both of them), then that should also raise concern. It often happens that the pain subsides when you relax and remove all the pressure from the knee, but if it does not then it is important to see your health care provider (especially if one of the knees becomes red and feels very warm to the touch, because when that happens you may have developed an infection already).

What Are The Most Common Causes Of Water On The Knee?

Swelling of the knee can be triggered by a wide array of causes, from the most irrelevant ones to the most serious – however, it often happens that a traumatic injury is the most common underlying cause. In addition to this, certain diseases and conditions can also influence the accumulation of liquid around the knee area. Some of the most common types of injuries that can trigger knee effusion are meniscus tear, ligament tear as well as broken bones – if you leave these injuries untreated or if you hurt your knee repeatedly, this can cause a fast and painful accumulation of fluid around your knee area. In a nutshell, the body’s natural reaction to any type of injury to the knee is to simply surround it with a protective fluid. As mentioned above, there are some conditions that can also increase the risk for knee effusion: gout, bursitis, cysts, osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis are only some of them. If a disorder or a condition is to blame for your water on the knee, then you doctor may treat the underlying condition first.

What Are The Most Common Risk Factors For Knee Effusion?

If you are concerned that you may develop knee effusion at a certain point in your life, it is very important to be fully aware of the risk factors. Age is one of them, as this condition is more likely to affect the elderly than the young – on the other hand, if you had a very active life and you were involved in high-impact sports that may have affected your knee, then you are also more likely to develop water on the knee. Obesity is another risk factor, given the fact that obese people put considerably more weight on their knees, and this can speed up the wear and tear process, thus causing damage to your knee ligaments.

What Are The Available Diagnosis Options For This Condition?

Joint aspiration is one of the most commonly used diagnosis options, and it involves removing a small amount of fluid from the knee, fluid that will then be analyzed to determine whether there is any bacteria or disease involved. On the other hand, X-rays are also commonly used, and so are various blood tests and even MRIs (Magnetic Resonance Imaging), the latter being used to detect any abnormalities of the knee joint or of the bone. Blood tests are usually the fastest and easiest way to determine the cause of the swelling and water on the knee: your health care provider will, most likely, order blood tests for joint infection and for determining the white blood cell count.

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